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Team's personal examples

Page history last edited by Matthew Snyder 4 years, 12 months ago

Personal Examples                                                                                                                      (Back)

 

Swedish Culture by Kristin Petersson

  

Power distance index (PDI)

In many aspects Sweden is seen as a country with a very low power distance and to a high level I am willing to agree to this. In the workplace, focus lies upon equal collaboration towards a common goal and the importance of respecting every participant's perspective can not be exaggerated. Even though the case is usually that the boss tries to decrease the power distance there are some aspects that prevents it from diminishing completely. Your boss still has the final saying as to the fact that he bears the final responsibility and he/she is still the one determining your salary.   

 

Individualism vs. collectivism (IDV)

Sweden as many other developed countries scores high on this index. My general reaction though, is that Swedish people are not very individual. They like sharing responsibility both in- and outside the workplace. In Sweden we are taught from a very low age that people are good just the way they are and to thrive upon accomplishments is not recommended. Though I do believe that Sweden is becoming more individually oriented due to external influences from an increased globalization. 

 

Uncertainty avoidance index (UAI)

My personal experience is that Sweden is somewhere in the middle. As for a long time Sweden has in general been seen as very liberal and open minded. We have for example always been very accepting when it comes to sexual orientation, psychological unhealthiness and race. Though I believe that we are less tolerant when it comes to norms regarding how to behave in specific social situations. A way to sum this up would be to say: You can be whoever you want to be, as long as you behave as you are supposed to. 

 

Masculinity vs. femininity (MAS)

Sweden is a very feminine society. Achievements are focused on collectively and there is a strong existing philosophy that “you are good just the way you are”. Individual achievements and assertiveness is not very common in workplaces and project oriented work is standard. To work yourself up to a higher position on other people’s expense is not socially accepted. This is changing and it is becoming more acceptable to “show off” your individual achievements though I would say the agreement of helping the ones weaker than you stands solid. An example of the neutral position Sweden attempts to have is the maternity leave that both the father and the mother is recommended to utilize. There might even be a new law enforced, saying that the father and the mother is obliged to divide the maternity leave equally.  

 

Long-term orientation vs. short-term orientation (LTO)

From personal experience and reading about what Swedish companies do, Sweden is an innovative and new-thinking country. It invests a lot in science and environmental features that can create a sustainable society. Of course, this probably only concerns a hand-full of all the Swedish companies and a lot of them are still quite traditional but the general value of protecting the old and traditional is not something that exists to a great extension. The fact that Sweden does not have many natural resources, might explain the high focus on education and innovative solutions. That could per such explain the high index score.

 

Indulgence versus restraint (IND)

Swedish people in general, loves to plan their life. Sweden is very focused on time and in most situations, I would say obligations and social norms comes before individual happiness and simple joys. Also, it is not very socially accepted to do whatever you’d like. Even if Sweden’s index score is high and we have a lot of freedom as long-term leaves, vacations etc. We have many systems that to a great extent control our financial and social lives. Examples would be the Swedish tax-system, insurance policies and law system. As a highly developed bureaucracy, this is something we enjoy because even though the systems might restrict us to some extent, they also allows us a justice society and the ability to express our thoughts which to us is a greater kind of freedom. The most negative constraints to indulgence in Sweden, I would say are the social norms.    

 

 

American Culture by Dominique Carney

 

Power distance index (PDI)

In the United States, I would see the citizens treated as being a middle power distance, however, there are many debates on equality for all regardless of the individual’s background. The issue is that there is the existence of hierarchy divided among the citizens. Including power is given under a certain such as the educated versus the uneducated people. There are cases where the people do come to question the hierarchy of those who are given much power (educated individuals in politics or any governmental system), while individuals that are less likely to understand the issues across the society would not question as much but follow the norms. I would also mention that this power distance index can be seen in an economic level, those with a better financial background can make decisions on selecting individuals as representatives of their political background. While the working or poor class has much effort to bring awareness for support or change in their community, although we do see a change from the Obama’s administration. 

 

Individualism vs. collectivism (IDV)

Most likely United States or Americans as a whole are described as being individualistic people. In the American culture, success is found based on the individual’s hard work to become successful and bringing support to their own family or immediate family. There is not much seen where Americans can support another American individual or family. I believe that as children, we are taught to take care of yourself since others would not do for you. Since this has been already embedded into our society, this would be difficult to say that Americans can become collective, although there are heavily foundations or funded governmental support that defeats this concept. 

 

Uncertainty avoidance index (UAI)

In this particular index, living in the United States, I would say that this country falls into a lower index because there is spread of understanding others views and exploring one different belief. I can say that usually this is found in both religious and different cultural aspects such as race, age, gender, disability and even sexual orientation. Since laws have been implemented due to discrimination, large companies are rule out to prohibit individuals from work opportunity. If so religion is a closer example to this index, where people can practice from their own but yet respect others for their different beliefs. United States allow the freedom of religion and other constitutional rights that could possibly avoid individuals from practicing their beliefs. Even college campuses allow students to express their own ideas but yet are inviting individuals for their different beliefs. Americans, generally tend to want to understand other's difference and are more accepting for the differences.  

 

Masculinity vs. femininity (MAS)

Americans, culturally are likely to be a masculine society, in which gender roles are divided and seen as either weak or strong. As for the male dominance, young boys and males are expected to act a certain way other than being feminine, otherwise they are seen as being weak or not “manly”. Even in the commercial society, young girls or women are expected to do motherly things such as being a wife, housemaid, or teachers, etc, while males are expected to be the head of the household or provider of the family. So you would usually see boys playing trucks, using tool toys, wearing the color blue, or for halloween dressed as a masculine character like power rangers, soldier, or police officer. Since the United States does establish this ideal of being competitive, this concept derives from young males proceeding their life to become the best and not the failure, which is also seen as weak. 

 

Long-term orientation vs. short-term orientation (LTO)

United States is high for long-term orientation since this country is seen as a high power nation across the world. Mainly Americans are taught to learn different theories, concepts, and include different development for problem solving and adaptation. This could be a reason for how the United States became a wealthy or develop nation. Specifically since the industrial movement, cities began using machinery and establish different technical usage for transportation, importing and exporting goods, international trading, etc. However, there is a small percentage of U.S. keeping some traditions such as the constitutional ethnics: marriage, education, agriculture, and a political system. 

 

Indulgence versus restraint (IND)

Indulgence is most likely to describe the American culture, simply for the fact that the government does not restrict the citizens for interacting with one another and there is no restriction on the social norm. Individuals are free to do as they are please, for example, I am allow as a woman to drive a car (in comparison some middle eastern cultures that prohibits women from doing so) or I can be able to practice my own beliefs or faith without being forced into prison or executed. There is also the freedom express one's opinion towards a specific government agency or organization that may not follow the needs of individuals. Due to the free will in the American culture, usually the Americans seem to feel a sense of joy. However, there are cases where the United States does add a restriction such as underage drinking or smoking and acceptance to illegal drugs such as marijuana. 

 

 

American Culture by Matt Snyder

 

Power/Distance (PD) 

As an American of the United States, I grew up in a culture with a very low score of PD. I feel that individuals in the Unites States seek equality and strive for justification when inequities of power become present. As a recent graduate and new to the workforce I feel like the PD at work is much higher when referring to past generations. I’ve noticed that my boss who is around 40 years old, sees management as a much higher authority than the folks of my age. As a Millennial, I do not shy away from management and actually relish in the opportunities when I get to interact which such authority. I feel that my voice is just as power and that I can provide valuable information to the conversations. Although in some businesses PD can be very strong, which can be contradictory, I feel like PD is very low among the people of my generation.

 

Individualism vs. collectivism (IDV)

As a citizen of the United States, I believe that the culture I grew up in is a high individualist society. I was taught from a very early age to be unique and to challenge the norm. As a professional for a top health care organization, we are encouraged to not only challenge the norm but to embrace innovation and difference of options. I believe in my culture you can express yourself in many ways that in the past you would’ve been heavily judged. For example, tattoos and casual dress clothes are now common in the workplace and it allows individuals to really become individuals.

 

Masculinity vs. Femininity (MAS)

In the United States, we have medium-high level of Masculinity. Our culture is assertive, thrive for success. The culture I grew up in was always very competitive. Whether it was sports, school or trying to be popular, I feel like everyone was competing to be the best. As a professional, I feel like masculinity is very high, I personally go to work trying to be the best at what I do. Although I don’t seek recognition or rewards, I want to have the attention of being that person who has the brightest future. On the other hand, as a society, I believe the United States also shows a good level of femininity. Our country tries to care for the weak and balance the quality of life.

 

Uncertainty/Avoidance Index (UAI)

The dimension of Uncertainty and Avoidance with in the Unites States is somewhat middling. Our culture has federal laws and state laws that prohibit certain things. But as a culture we are free to be who we are and create our own future. Although I do not believe we can directly control the future, we can mold it in a way that we believe will be best down the road. I believe the culture within the US is a mix of both letting the future write itself and also controlling the small pieces that we can. In the professional world, I believe the company also behaves in the same way. They try to control future as much as they can, but also understand there are certain things that they cannot control.

 

Long-term orientation vs. Short-term orientation (LTO)

I believe our cultural within the United States is Low in the Long Term Orientation dimension. I believe we try to carry out family and country traditions on with us as we grow old. Each person is made up of the family traditions and I do not believe we like to break those traditions for new ones. It may vary person to person but I was able to grow up in a family where tradition was a large part of the culture. On the other hand I believe we our very progressive in terms of modern education. 

 

Indulgence versus restraint (IND)

The American culture that I grew up in has a very high level of indulgence. Growing up in the United States I am able to indulge of on life. I can do as I please and enjoy life however I would like. America has laws preventing crime but it gives you the freedom to live life as happy and satisfy as you can.

 

 

American Culture by Maddie Grejda

 

Power distance index (PDI)

I grew up in the United States culture that has a somewhat middle power distance index and yet there is a strong belief in equality for each citizen. American's have the opportunity to rise in society. In my work coaching Scrum Teams and leadership in their agile transformations, teamwork is absolutely essential to be successful. This involves a lot of people, a steep learning curve and a common goal. Given this, it does take 3-6 months of continuously working with people to be successful. What I have found is that senior leaders want to get to "green" at times faster than what people can handle. It is this mentality and decision making that is frustrating and generally causes some of the pain that organizations experience. I am fortunate to be able to have conversations when I observe this; however these senior leaders ultimately have the final decision about the organization albeit be for better or for worse.

 

Individualism vs. collectivism (IDV)

The United States has a very high individualism index. As an American we encourage differences and have an expectation that people look after themselves and their immediate families only. In the workplace I have found that people will work collectively on work assignments and yet have a strong sense of self in the output produced. I have worked on teams that we are very willing to debate our individual opinions even with people with bigger titles on the team. What I have found interesting is when there is a person on the team who is not familiar with American individualism, the American's on the team want these individuals to speak up. In my opinion it is this individualism that ultimately creates innovative products. 

 

Uncertainty avoidance index (UAI)

In the United States we are in the lower middle of the uncertainty avoidance index. There is an eye toward what the future may or may not hold and on the other hand there is this desire for handling ambiguity. I have worked in technology most of my career and this generally means I do not know all of the requirements up front. Since I cannot control nor foresee the outcome instead I approach my work in an empirical way. And in this empirical approach, I keep the goals or outputs small to decrease risk and opportunity to gain more knowledge along the way. This does not mean I like it when I mess up or fail, simply that I have an approach for handling uncertainty and ambiguity.

 

Masculinity vs. femininity (MAS)

The score for the United States is high at 62. As Americans we value "the be all that you can be". As a woman, I struggle with some of the traits that a part of the MAS index, such as assertiveness, materialism/material success, self-centeredness, power, strength, and individual achievements. In my line of work, that is in technology the majority of leaders and people are men and with that comes power, self-assuredness, assertiveness, etc. I do see how men still dominate the top and middle layers of management at least in technology; however I can see women are making the ascent into these ranks. My opinion is although traditionally there is a tendency toward masculinity, I do believe leaders are learning to be more collaborative, to approach how knowledge workers work. And lastly, I feel like there is a movement toward being an influencer as opposed to being a command and control manager. 

 

Long-term orientation vs. short-term orientation (LTO)

The United States scores normative on the fifth dimension with a low score of 26 (Hofstede G., 2015). American businesses measure their performance on a short-term basis, with profit and loss statements being issued on a quarterly basis. This also drives individuals to strive for quick results within the workplace (1). The experience I am drawing, stems from very recent experiences, although not a new one. Recently my manager has been under fire from the C-level. This has created an enormous amount of churn and knee jerk reactions to problems that would otherwise be better handled and in some cases creating “technology debt” which will cause some pain longer term.

 

Indulgence versus restraint (IND)

The United States rates as an indulgent society with an IND of 68. A few of the characteristics of an indulgent society is extroverted personalities, having friends is more important and people actively engage in sports (Hofstede G., 2015). I find this fascinating as I am an INFJ; the “I” for introversion. In the years I have worked I have noticed that extroverted personalities tend to be the leaders of organizations and get noticed quicker.I can totally relate to the need for having friends. I think this stems from the individualistic mindset and American children leave home pretty much after completing high school. Lastly, in a previous company I worked at, if you were active in sports you were considered part of the “in crowd”; essentially you could get a whole lot more done. In a previous organization I worked at the CTO had an annual 5K that he personally participated in and worked very hard to get everyone involved. 

 

 

(The Hofstede Centre, 2015)

American Culture by Maddie Grejda
Power distance index (PDI)
I grew up in the United States culture that has a somewhat middle power distance index and yet there is a strong belief in equality for each citizen. American's have the opportunity to rise in society. In my work coaching Scrum Teams and leadership in their agile transformations, teamwork is absolutely essential to be successful. This involves a lot of people, a steep learning curve and a common goal. Given this, it does take 3-6 months of continuously working with people to be successful. What I have found is that senior leaders want to get to "green" at times faster than what people can handle. It is this mentality and decision making that is frustrating and generally causes some of the pain that organizations experience. I am fortunate to be able to have conversations when I observe this; however these senior leaders ultimately have the final decision about the organization albeit be for better or for worse.
Individualism vs. collectivism (IDV)
The United States has a very high individualism index. As an American we encourage differences and have an expectation that people look after themselves and their immediate families only. In the workplace I have found that people will work collectively on work assignments and yet have a strong sense of self in the output produced. I have worked on teams that we are very willing to debate our individual opinions even with people with bigger titles on the team. What I have found interesting is when there is a person on the team who is not familiar with American individualism, the American's on the team want these individuals to speak up. In my opinion it is this individualism that ultimately creates innovative products. 
Uncertainty avoidance index (UAI)
In the United States we are in the lower middle of the uncertainty avoidance index. There is an eye toward what the future may or may not hold and on the other hand there is this desire for handling ambiguity. I have worked in technology most of my career and this generally means I do not know all of the requirements up front. Since I cannot control nor foresee the outcome instead I approach my work in an empirical way. And in this empirical approach, I keep the goals or outputs small to decrease risk and opportunity to gain more knowledge along the way. This does not mean I like it when I mess up or fail, simply that I have an approach for handling uncertainty and ambiguity.
Masculinity vs. femininity (MAS)
The score for the United States is high at 62. As Americans we value "the be all that you can be". As a woman, I struggle with some of the traits that a part of the MAS index, such as assertiveness, materialism/material success, self-centeredness, power, strength, and individual achievements. In my line of work, that is in technology the majority of leaders and people are men and with that comes power, self-assuredness, assertiveness, etc. I do see how men still dominate the top and middle layers of management at least in technology; however I can see women are making the ascent into these ranks. My opinion is although traditionally there is a tendency toward masculinity, I do believe leaders are learning to be more collaborative, to approach how knowledge workers work. And lastly, I feel like there is a movement toward being an influencer as opposed to being a command and control manager. 
Long-term orientation vs. short-term orientation (LTO)
The United States scores normative on the fifth dimension with a low score of 26 (1). American businesses measure their performance on a short-term basis, with profit and loss statements being issued on a quarterly basis. This also drives individuals to strive for quick results within the workplace (1). The experience I am drawing, stems from very recent experiences, although not a new one. Recently my manager has been under fire from the C-level. This has created an enormous amount of churn and knee jerk reactions to problems that would otherwise be better handled and in some cases creating “technology debt” which will cause some pain longer term.
Indulgence versus restraint (IND)

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